Trauma and stress related disorders

: reactive attachment disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, adjustment disorder 

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prolonged emotional distress, anxiety, distressing memories, nightmares and disruptive behaviors in response to violence, abuse, injury or other traumatic events.

Children and teens could have PTSD if they have lived through an event that could have caused them or someone else to be killed or badly hurt. Such events include sexual or physical abuse or other violent crimes. Disasters such as floods, school shootings, car crashes, or fires might also cause PTSD. Other events that can cause PTSD are war, a friend's suicide, or seeing violence in the area they live. Posttraumatic stress disorder, or PTSD, is diagnosed after a person experiences symptoms for at least one month following a traumatic event. The disorder is characterized by three main types of symptoms: – Re-experiencing the trauma through intrusive distressing recollections of the event, flashbacks, and nightmares. – Avoidance of places, people, and activities that are reminders of the trauma, and emotional numbness. – Increased arousal such as difficulty sleeping and concentrating, feeling jumpy, and being easily irritated and angered.

 Diagnosis criteria that apply specifically to children younger than age six include the following: Exposure to actual or threatened death, serious injury, or sexual violation: – direct experience – witnessing the events as they occurred to others, especially primary caregivers (Note: Does not include events witnessed only in electronic media, television, movies, or pictures.) – learning that the traumatic events occurred to a parent or care giving figure

Substance Abuse

Substance abuse

Out of risk taking behavior/ adventure, peer pressure, stress.

Commonly used substances1. Alcohol2. Tobacco3. Cannabis4. Heroin5. Prescription drugs-opioids, CNS stimulants, CNS depressants

Adverse effects:

Impairment of general abilities such as senses, speed of reaction, co-ordination, thinking concentration

Increased risk taking with poor inhibitory control over behavior

Mood changes with poor control over feelings.

Consequences include increased probability of accidents & unintentional injuries, violence, suicide and risky sexual behaviors.

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We provide evidence based interventions and trainings for care givers to gain better results in early detection

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