major depressive disorder, disruptive mood dysregulation, premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
Depression is persistent feelings of sadness and loss of interest that disrupt a child's ability to function in school and interact with others normal social activities, interests, schoolwork, or family life develops. Other associated symptoms include feelings of guilt or low self-worth, disturbed sleep or appetite, low energy and poor concentration.
WHO says that depression interferes with cognitive, emotional and social development occurring at young age. Depression can also lead to the ultimate tragedy — almost 90,000 young people commit suicide each year across the world.
Suicide: Suicidality among Children & adolescents refers to a conscious act of self-induced annihilation, best understood as a multidimensional malaise in a needful individual who defines an issue for which suicide is the best perceived solution” Shneidman, 1985. According to NIMHANS, Suicides resulted in death of more than 110,000 persons in India during 2004.
Risk Factors: Depression and other mental disorders, Substance abuse disorder (often in combination with other mental disorders), Prior suicide attempt, Family history of suicide, Family violence including physical or sexual abuse, Firearms in the home, Incarceration, Exposure to suicidal behavior